Leading academics have called on the world to take urgent action over climate change following new research into ocean temperatures across the globe.
The study, conducted by an international team of 14 scientists from 11 institutes across the world found the world’s oceans were the warmest in 2019 than any other time in recorded human history, especially between the surface and a depth of 2,000 meters. It added that the past 10 years have been the warmest on record for global ocean temperatures, with the past five years holding the highest record.
The authors published their results in Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, with a call to action for humans to reverse climate change. In the face of such disastrous effects as the 17.9 million acres Australian bushfire, which has resulted in 24 deaths and thousands of homes destroyed so far, the researchers report that global ocean temperature is not only increasing, but also it’s speeding up.
“It is critical to understand how fast things are changing,” said Prof. John Abraham, co-author and professor of mechanical engineering at St. Thomas. “The key to answering this question is in the oceans, that’s where the vast majority of heat ends up. If you want to understand global warming, you have to measure ocean warming.”
2019 broke the previous records set in prior years for global warming, and the effects already are appearing in the form of more extreme weather, rising sea levels and harm to ocean animals.
“Global warming is real, and it’s getting worse,” Prof. Abraham said. “And this is just the tip of the iceberg for what is to come. Fortunately, we can do something about it: We can use energy more wisely, and we can diversify our energy sources. We have the power to reduce this problem.”