In a move which will be closely followed by the European (re)insurance market, Luxembourg’s government has announced changes to the law on cannabis, with plans to legalise both cultivation and domestic use.
As part of a package of measures tackling drug crime in the country of 632,000 people, adults will be able to grow up to four cannabis plants per household for personal use.
Under the legislation, people aged 18 and over will be able to legally grow up to four cannabis plants per household for personal use.
Trade in seeds will also be permitted without any limit on the quantity or levels of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal psychoactive constituent.
The government will also allow the sale of cannabis seeds in shops, along with the import of them from abroad.
Consumption and cultivation will only be allowed “within one’s own four walls”, although the transportation or consumption of up to three grams will no longer be considered a criminal offence, but instead classified as a misdemeanour.
The leaders of the Greens – one of the three coalition partners in government along with the Democratic Party, and the Socialist Workers’ Party – said the move “represents a fundamental reorientation of Luxembourg’s drug policy”, as the government aims to tackle drug-related crime with a more “holistic” approach.
“The war on cannabis has failed,” the party said in a statement.
“The announcements of the Minister of Justice, Sam Tanson, represent a fundamental reorientation of Luxembourg’s drug policy. At last, the use of cannabis is being regulated and a legal alternative to the black market is being created.”
The Greens added that the main objectives of new legislation on cannabis would be to exempt production, purchase and consumption of a given amount of cannabis from punishment, keep users away from the black market, reduce the mental and physical dangers associated with it, and combat acquisitive crime.
Justice minister Sam Tanson described the change to the law on domestic production and consumption as a first step.
“We thought we had to act, we have an issue with drugs and cannabis is the drug that is most used and is a large part of the illegal market,” she said.
“We want to start by allowing people to grow it at home. The idea is that a consumer is not in an illegal situation if he consumes cannabis and that we don’t support the whole illegal chain from production to transportation to selling where there is a lot of misery attached. We want to do everything we can to get more and more away from the illegal black market.”